Configuring VMware ESXi for Active Directory (AD) authentication involves joining the ESXi host to the Active Directory domain and configuring user permissions accordingly. Here are the steps:
1. Access the ESXi Host:
- Connect to the ESXi host using the vSphere Client or vSphere Web Client.
2. Configure DNS Settings:
- Ensure that the DNS settings on the ESXi host are correctly configured, and it can resolve the Active Directory domain controller’s name. You can set the DNS configuration in the ESXi host under “Networking” > “TCP/IP Configuration.”
3. Join ESXi Host to Active Directory:
- In the vSphere Client, navigate to the “Host” in the inventory and select the “Configure” tab.
- Under the “System” section, select “Authentication Services.”
- Click “Join Domain” or “Properties” depending on your ESXi version.
- Enter the domain information, including the domain name, username, and password with the necessary permissions to join the domain.
- Click “Join Domain” or “OK.”
- Domain: example.com
- Username: domain_admin
- Password: ********
4. Verify Domain Join:
- After joining the domain, you should see a success message. If not, check the credentials and network connectivity.
5. Configure Permission:
- Go to the “Permissions” tab in the “Host” section.
- Add the AD user account to the appropriate role (e.g., Administrator or a custom role).
New-VIPermission -Principal "EXAMPLE\domain_user" -Role "Admin" -Entity $esxiHost
6. Test AD Authentication:
- Log out of the vSphere Client and log in using an Active Directory account. Use the format “DOMAIN\username” or “firstname.lastname@example.org” depending on your environment.
- Server: esxi.example.com
- Username: example\domain_user
- Password: ********
- If authentication fails, check the ESXi logs for any error messages related to authentication or domain joining.
- Ensure that time synchronization is correct between the ESXi host and the domain controller.
- Verify that the Active Directory user account has the necessary permissions.
Note: Always refer to the official VMware documentation for your specific ESXi version for the most accurate and up-to-date information. The steps might slightly differ based on the ESXi version you are using.